Seurat, Georges

(1859-1891)
   painter
   Georges Seurat, who along with paul signac developed the theories and techniques of neoimpres-sionism, was born in Paris, where he studied painting and drawing with a student of jean-auguste-dominique ingres. Greatly interested in research on color and theories of vision, he did his earliest works at Brest, where he painted a number of landscapes and figure studies. Returning to Paris in 1880, he dedicated himself exclusively to drawing (1882-83) and proved to be an exceptional master in the technique of replacing line for mass. Accepted by the Paris Salon the official exhibition in 1883 with his Portrait of Aman-Jean, he painted, after a number of preparatory studies, Bathing at Asnières, which was rejected by the Salon in 1884. He then founded with other painters who had been rejected la Société des artistes indépendants and there showed his works. Joining with Signac, Seu-rat also parted with the style of several painters, rejecting the techniques of claude monet. Seurat seems to have convinced camille pissarro of his new techniques and, thanks to him, was able to show at the last impressionist exhibition (Sunday Afternoon on the Island of the Grand-Jatte, 1884-86), which appeared as the manifesto of the new school of neoimpressionism, or pointillism, so named for his technique of applying small, closely packed dots of unmixed color to create a solid form on a white background. Always a scientist, Seurat enunciated the principles on which his art was founded, studying also the effects of artificial light (Le Chahut, 1889-90; Le Cirque, 1890-91). He had a notable influence on paul gauguin, vincent van gogh, and Pissarro, as well as on the fauvists, cubists, and futurists.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Seurat, Georges — ▪ French painter born Dec. 2, 1859, Paris, France died March 29, 1891, Paris       painter, founder of the 19th century French school of Neo Impressionism whose technique for portraying the play of light using tiny brushstrokes of contrasting… …   Universalium

  • Seurat, Georges — ► (1859 91) Pintor francés, la figura más representativa del grupo neoimpresionista partidario de la técnica divisionista. Sus obras destacan por la maestría en la composición: El circo, Un domingo por la tarde en la isla de la Grande Jatte y El… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Seurat, Georges (-Pierre) — (2 dic. 1859, París, Francia–29 mar. 1891, París). Pintor francés. Ingresó a la école des Beaux Arts en 1878 y exhibió en el Salón de 1883, aunque ya no tenía gran afinidad con sus políticas conservadoras. Estudió obras científicas en un esfuerzo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Seurat,Georges Pierre — Seu·rat (sə räʹ, sœ ), Georges Pierre. 1859 1891. French painter. A founder of neoimpressionism, he developed pointillism, the technique used in his masterpiece Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1886). * * * …   Universalium

  • Seurat, Georges (-Pierre) — born Dec. 2, 1859, Paris, Fr. died March 29, 1891, Paris French painter. He entered the École des Beaux Arts in 1878 and exhibited at the 1883 Salon, though he had already lost sympathy with its conservative policies. He studied scientific works… …   Universalium

  • Seurat, Georges Pierre —  (1859–1891) French painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Seurat — Seurat, Georges …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges-Pierre Seurat — Georges Seurat, Foto aus dem Jahr 1888 Georges Pierre Seurat (* 2. Dezember 1859 in Paris; † 29. März 1891 ebenda) war ein französischer Maler, Erfinder und, neben Paul Signac, wichtigster Vertreter des Pointillismus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges Seurat — Georges Pierre Seurat Georges Pierre Seurat en 1888 Nom de naissance Georges Pierre Seurat Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Pierre Seurat — Retrato fotográfico de Seurat en 1888 …   Wikipedia Español

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